Could be the United States one of seven countries that will ‘allow elective abortions after 20 weeks of pregnancy?’

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Is the United States one of seven countries that ‘allow elective abortions after 20 weeks of pregnancy?’

This talking point is backed simply by data, and earns the desired Geppetto Checkmark. (Meg Kelly/The Wa Post)

“Seven out of 198 nations allow elective abortions after 20 weeks of pregnancy.”
� declaration of Trump administration policy, April. 2, 2017

The House accepted a ban on 20-week abortions immediately, and this dramatic statistic caught our own attention:

This debate is about late-term abortions after 20 weeks, that is the midpoint of a woman’s being pregnant, and before the fetus typically is regarded as viable to live outside the womb. Presently, states can decide to ban abortions after a certain point in the being pregnant, usually 20 to 24 days.

This one seemed a little surprising, so we looked into it. And yes it turned out, it’s backed by information.

The Facts

The supply of this claim is a 2014 survey by the Charlotte Lozier Institute, which usually opposes abortion rights. It’s probably the most updated version of this report.

The group analyzed abortion laws and regulations in 198 countries and other impartial or “semiautonomous” regions with more than one million residents.

There are usually 59 countries that allow illigal baby killing “without restriction as to reason,” or “elective,” or “abortion on demand.” These are countries where the letter from the federal law does not impose particular eligibility requirements for women. The other 139 countries “require some reason to obtain an illigal baby killing, ranging from most restrictive (to conserve the life of the mother or completely prohibited) to least restrictive (socioeconomic grounds) with various reasons in between (e. g., physical health, mental health), â€? the report says.

Only seven of the 59 nations allow elective abortions after 20 weeks, the group found: Canada, Tiongkok, Netherlands, North Korea, Singapore, the usa and Vietnam.

This listing of countries correlates with another comparable report, also from 2014, released by a group that supports reproductive : rights. (The gestational limit break down has remained consistent since the 2014 report with the exception of Mozambique, according to the team. )

That group’s report discovered 61 countries that allow illigal baby killing “without restriction as to reason,” though some of these countries acquired parental authorization or notification specifications. Most of the countries had a 12-week gestational limit on abortions.

Both reports use the fetus age dimension that is used by medical professionals and the Facilities for Disease Control and Avoidance, which is counting the fetus age group from the first day of the expecting woman’s last menstrual period (LMP). While critics of abortion legal rights often use a different method of fetal age measurement, the Charlotte Lozier Institute said all the gestational limitations were converted to the LMP technique because more than 80 percent associated with countries use it.  (For more on the particular ways that antiabortion advocates count the particular fetus age, read this truth check. )

Here’s a look at the particular seven countries. We sorted all of them from the most liberal on gestational limits to the least:

  • North Korea and Vietnam: No specific gestational limit, though regulatory systems vary.
  • China: “Abortion is virtually freely available in China, and there are no defined time limits for access to the procedure,” based on Pew Research Center. China at this point has a “two-child” policy, and human-rights advocates have criticized China’s populace and family planning laws.
  • United States:  No federal prohibit on gestational limit,  but 43 states have prohibitions on gestational limits, from 20 to 24 weeks, or the point of “viability,” according to the Guttmacher Institute, a reproductive : rights research group. There are some conditions made, usually for the life or even health of the mother.
  • Canada:  No federal gestational limit, yet provinces and territories vary about whether they will offer abortion services following a certain gestational age. Some provide abortion services up to 12 days, others up to 24 weeks.  (This is similar to how states operate within the U. S. ) Abortions after 20 weeks are not always readily available for Canadians, so women are often referred to the clinic in the United States, according to an illigal baby killing rights group in Canada. These types of procedures may be paid in full or even in part by provincial governments.
  • Netherlands: Abortions are allowed as much as 24 weeks. After that period, abortions are allowed only if the unborn fetus has an untreatable disease plus would have little to no possibility of survival after birth, or for that physical or mental health from the pregnant woman.
  • Singapore: Abortions are allowed up to 24 days. After that, abortions are only allowed to conserve the life of, or for the actual or mental health of, the particular pregnant woman.

There a few minor caveats. Australia has no government abortion law, and each state plus territory can set its own illigal baby killing guidelines. They vary in exactly how restrictive they are; some states do not let any elective abortions, and others perform. PolitiFact Virginia found that the Aussie state of Victoria allows females to get abortions upon request as much as 24 weeks.

We’ll furthermore note that the fact that elective abortion will be legal in a certain country does not always mean all the women there have access to illigal baby killing services or to clinics. Plus,  the quality and level of health care in most of the seven countries are not identical; for example , health care in the United States really can’t be compared to North Korea.

There are more than seven nations that allow abortion services right after 20 weeks in limited situations, including to save the life of the mom. As you can see in the map below, the majority of developed countries allow abortions “without restriction as to reason” (marked in gray). As you can see, most created countries allow elective abortions, but possess a gestational limits (generally up to 12 weeks).


(Map from the Washington Post; Source: Center with regard to Reproductive Rights 2014 World Child killingilligal baby killing Laws Map)

Katherine Mayall, director of capacity building in the Center for Reproductive Rights Global Lawful Program, said this talking point provides a simplistic view of abortion laws and regulations in the seven countries. The world map is an effort to distill complex illigal baby killing laws and policies that are not really cut-and-dry, she said. It’s a glance at the letter of the law, plus it does not take into account whether the exceptions for ladies past the federal gestational limit are construed more liberally by lower levels of federal government.

The Pinocchio Test

This statistic seemed dubious at first, since it seemed extreme for just seven nations out of 198 to allow elective abortions after 20 weeks of being pregnant. But upon further digging, the information back up the claim. We should note that a few of the seven countries allow abortions right after 20 weeks, but ban this after 24 weeks. And other nations have no federal limits, but legislate at the state or provincial degree, similar to the United States.

Further, what exactly is telling that research from each sides of the reproductive rights argument confirm this figure.  It’s difficult to boil down complex illigal baby killing laws in a cross-comparative manner such as this, and there are some minor caveats connected with this talking point. Still,  we did not find the caveats rise towards the level of One Pinocchio.

We award the elusive Geppetto Checkmark when a factoid surprisingly turns out to be real,  as in this case.

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