‘Fake news’ is a global problem, Independence House report shows

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'Fake news' is a global problem, Freedom House report shows

Before the election, few Americans acquired heard of “fake news. “ 

Now, they’re all too aware: of the Russia-linked Facebook accounts that reached 126 million people, the deranged PizzaGate conspiracy, and the teens in Macedonia spreading lies to make an easy money.  

If you thought it was just an American problem, you’re incorrect. In at least 17 other nations, fake news “played an important role” in recent elections, according to a brand new report from democracy watchdog Independence House.  

In a significantly divided Kenya, false reports tagged with CNN and BBC trademarks spread across Facebook and WhatsApp leading up to the re-election of Leader Uhuru Kenyatta. Nicolas Maduro’s strength grab in Venezuela involved the federal government spreading false footage and is situated about protesters on social media. Plus Facebook suspended 30, 000 false accounts only 10 days prior to the French presidential election.

And that’s only the countries that were keeping elections. Fake news was distribute in 30 of the 65 nations examined in the report, which centered on the period between June 2016 and could 2017.

“It’s a pattern that we’ve seen growing all over the world, ” Sanja Kelly, director of the Freedom on the Net report, said. “In most cases, it’s the government who’s behind it.”

That’s true in countries ruled by autocratic regimes, such as China, Iran, and Myanmar. But it’s also an issue in democracies.  

In the Philippines, where President Rodrigo Duterte has encouraged roving death squads, a member of the country’s “keyboard army” can earn $10 each day praising the administration online, based on the report. And an estimated 75, 000 “Peñabots” have swarmed opposition on Twitter to defend Mexico’s president, Enrique Peña Nieto, often flooding hashtags with irrelevant information to drown out opposition.  

Meddling? What meddling?

Image: AP/REX/Shutterstock

Fake videos and news stories alone certainly are a problem â€? but paired having an army of bots and paid commenters to spread and endorse them, they become an extremely potent force for spreading government propaganda, Kelly said.  

Precise ad targeting makes the problem worse. It ensures that those most vulnerable to nationalist and xenophobic content are able to view it.

And while Google, Snopes, newspapers, and other online resources exist to greatly help people in the U. S. debunk fake news, plenty of Us citizens still fall for it.

Now imagine you didn’t know about these resources. Imagine your entire experience on the web was a single social network, and nothing nevertheless that social network.  

Back throughout 2015, when Facebook announced their goal to provide free internet to help developing countries, the company got lots of praise � and criticism coming from net neutrality advocates.

Well, in the aftermath of Trump’s selection, we should be worried about more than just net neutrality. Facebook’s slow, underwhelming response to false news is even more troublesome thinking of it’s claimed to have brought “more than 25 million people on the internet who otherwise would not be. “

That’s a lot of people who depend on Fb for information.  

“Right now, for individuals that are first going online in the acquiring world, social media is the internet, very well Kelly said.  

“Right today, for people who are first going online inside the developing world, social media is the internet”

So if Facebook, Twitter, WhatsApp, Russia’s VKontakte, and other social media tools don’t try to stamp out fake media, there’s not much to stop bad celebrities from trying to sway elections inside the developing world.  

To produce things worse, governments are using typically the threat of “fake news” (hello, Donald Trump) as an excuse to help crack down on free speech. Ukraine was a victim of Russian dezinformatsiya, or disinformation, long before it reach American shores.  

Moscow wished to sow division in the country after protesters spoke out against Ukraine’s pro-Putin leader. That escalated into bloodshed after Russia annexed Crimea plus armed pro-Russian separatists. So it’s simple to comprehend Ukraine wanted to crack down on false news, but its solution was to prohibit a number of social media sites and search engines completely.  

That explains why Ukraine â€? along with Egypt and Bulgaria â€? saw the biggest decline online freedom, according to the report.  

It’s not an easy problem for government authorities to fix. Do nothing, and trolls may help rip your country apart. Carry out too much, and you could threaten typically the values of the liberal democracy you aren’t trying to protect.  

To guard internet freedom and democracy, technological companies are going to have to step up in a very big way. For starters, Kelly explained, they could shut down bots and reveal who buys political ads, a thing Facebook has moved toward underneath increasing scrutiny.  

Governments can assist by educating citizens about how to locate fake news. School systems can speak to Italy, which is teaching high school students how you can do just that, for inspiration.

If tech companies and governments aren’t stop the spread of fake media, the results could be catastrophic. Just take a peek at who’s in the White House.  

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